php汉字转拼音

作者: admin 分类: php 发布时间: 2018-09-15 14:43
include_once 'pinyin.class.php';
$zh = new ChineseSpell();
if($ishead){
  return $zh->getFirstAlphaSpell($str,'');
}else{
  return $zh->getFullSpell($str,'');
}

<?php
class ChineseSpell
{
    /**
     * @var array $chineseSpellList 拼音编码对应表
     * @access private
     */
    private $chineseSpellList = array(
        'a' => -20319,
        'ai' => -20317,
        'an' => -20304,
        'ang' => -20295,
        'ao' => -20292,
        'ba' => -20283,
        'bai' => -20265,
        'ban' => -20257,
        'bang' => -20242,
        'bao' => -20230,
        'bei' => -20051,
        'ben' => -20036,
        'beng' => -20032,
        'bi' => -20026,
        'bian' => -20002,
        'biao' => -19990,
        'bie' => -19986,
        'bin' => -19982,
        'bing' => -19976,
        'bo' => -19805,
        'bu' => -19784,
        'ca' => -19775,
        'cai' => -19774,
        'can' => -19763,
        'cang' => -19756,
        'cao' => -19751,
        'ce' => -19746,
        'ceng' => -19741,
        'cha' => -19739,
        'chai' => -19728,
        'chan' => -19725,
        'chang' => -19715,
        'chao' => -19540,
        'che' => -19531,
        'chen' => -19525,
        'cheng' => -19515,
        'chi' => -19500,
        'chong' => -19484,
        'chou' => -19479,
        'chu' => -19467,
        'chuai' => -19289,
        'chuan' => -19288,
        'chuang' => -19281,
        'chui' => -19275,
        'chun' => -19270,
        'chuo' => -19263,
        'ci' => -19261,
        'cong' => -19249,
        'cou' => -19243,
        'cu' => -19242,
        'cuan' => -19238,
        'cui' => -19235,
        'cun' => -19227,
        'cuo' => -19224,
        'da' => -19218,
        'dai' => -19212,
        'dan' => -19038,
        'dang' => -19023,
        'dao' => -19018,
        'de' => -19006,
        'deng' => -19003,
        'di' => -18996,
        'dian' => -18977,
        'diao' => -18961,
        'die' => -18952,
        'ding' => -18783,
        'diu' => -18774,
        'dong' => -18773,
        'dou' => -18763,
        'du' => -18756,
        'duan' => -18741,
        'dui' => -18735,
        'dun' => -18731,
        'duo' => -18722,
        'e' => -18710,
        'en' => -18697,
        'er' => -18696,
        'fa' => -18526,
        'fan' => -18518,
        'fang' => -18501,
        'fei' => -18490,
        'fen' => -18478,
        'feng' => -18463,
        'fo' => -18448,
        'fou' => -18447,
        'fu' => -18446,
        'ga' => -18239,
        'gai' => -18237,
        'gan' => -18231,
        'gang' => -18220,
        'gao' => -18211,
        'ge' => -18201,
        'gei' => -18184,
        'gen' => -18183,
        'geng' => -18181,
        'gong' => -18012,
        'gou' => -17997,
        'gu' => -17988,
        'gua' => -17970,
        'guai' => -17964,
        'guan' => -17961,
        'guang' => -17950,
        'gui' => -17947,
        'gun' => -17931,
        'guo' => -17928,
        'ha' => -17922,
        'hai' => -17759,
        'han' => -17752,
        'hang' => -17733,
        'hao' => -17730,
        'he' => -17721,
        'hei' => -17703,
        'hen' => -17701,
        'heng' => -17697,
        'hong' => -17692,
        'hou' => -17683,
        'hu' => -17676,
        'hua' => -17496,
        'huai' => -17487,
        'huan' => -17482,
        'huang' => -17468,
        'hui' => -17454,
        'hun' => -17433,
        'huo' => -17427,
        'ji' => -17417,
        'jia' => -17202,
        'jian' => -17185,
        'jiang' => -16983,
        'jiao' => -16970,
        'jie' => -16942,
        'jin' => -16915,
        'jing' => -16733,
        'jiong' => -16708,
        'jiu' => -16706,
        'ju' => -16689,
        'juan' => -16664,
        'jue' => -16657,
        'jun' => -16647,
        'ka' => -16474,
        'kai' => -16470,
        'kan' => -16465,
        'kang' => -16459,
        'kao' => -16452,
        'ke' => -16448,
        'ken' => -16433,
        'keng' => -16429,
        'kong' => -16427,
        'kou' => -16423,
        'ku' => -16419,
        'kua' => -16412,
        'kuai' => -16407,
        'kuan' => -16403,
        'kuang' => -16401,
        'kui' => -16393,
        'kun' => -16220,
        'kuo' => -16216,
        'la' => -16212,
        'lai' => -16205,
        'lan' => -16202,
        'lang' => -16187,
        'lao' => -16180,
        'le' => -16171,
        'lei' => -16169,
        'leng' => -16158,
        'li' => -16155,
        'lia' => -15959,
        'lian' => -15958,
        'liang' => -15944,
        'liao' => -15933,
        'lie' => -15920,
        'lin' => -15915,
        'ling' => -15903,
        'liu' => -15889,
        'long' => -15878,
        'lou' => -15707,
        'lu' => -15701,
        'lv' => -15681,
        'luan' => -15667,
        'lue' => -15661,
        'lun' => -15659,
        'luo' => -15652,
        'ma' => -15640,
        'mai' => -15631,
        'man' => -15625,
        'mang' => -15454,
        'mao' => -15448,
        'me' => -15436,
        'mei' => -15435,
        'men' => -15419,
        'meng' => -15416,
        'mi' => -15408,
        'mian' => -15394,
        'miao' => -15385,
        'mie' => -15377,
        'min' => -15375,
        'ming' => -15369,
        'miu' => -15363,
        'mo' => -15362,
        'mou' => -15183,
        'mu' => -15180,
        'na' => -15165,
        'nai' => -15158,
        'nan' => -15153,
        'nang' => -15150,
        'nao' => -15149,
        'ne' => -15144,
        'nei' => -15143,
        'nen' => -15141,
        'neng' => -15140,
        'ni' => -15139,
        'nian' => -15128,
        'niang' => -15121,
        'niao' => -15119,
        'nie' => -15117,
        'nin' => -15110,
        'ning' => -15109,
        'niu' => -14941,
        'nong' => -14937,
        'nu' => -14933,
        'nv' => -14930,
        'nuan' => -14929,
        'nue' => -14928,
        'nuo' => -14926,
        'o' => -14922,
        'ou' => -14921,
        'pa' => -14914,
        'pai' => -14908,
        'pan' => -14902,
        'pang' => -14894,
        'pao' => -14889,
        'pei' => -14882,
        'pen' => -14873,
        'peng' => -14871,
        'pi' => -14857,
        'pian' => -14678,
        'piao' => -14674,
        'pie' => -14670,
        'pin' => -14668,
        'ping' => -14663,
        'po' => -14654,
        'pu' => -14645,
        'qi' => -14630,
        'qia' => -14594,
        'qian' => -14429,
        'qiang' => -14407,
        'qiao' => -14399,
        'qie' => -14384,
        'qin' => -14379,
        'qing' => -14368,
        'qiong' => -14355,
        'qiu' => -14353,
        'qu' => -14345,
        'quan' => -14170,
        'que' => -14159,
        'qun' => -14151,
        'ran' => -14149,
        'rang' => -14145,
        'rao' => -14140,
        're' => -14137,
        'ren' => -14135,
        'reng' => -14125,
        'ri' => -14123,
        'rong' => -14122,
        'rou' => -14112,
        'ru' => -14109,
        'ruan' => -14099,
        'rui' => -14097,
        'run' => -14094,
        'ruo' => -14092,
        'sa' => -14090,
        'sai' => -14087,
        'san' => -14083,
        'sang' => -13917,
        'sao' => -13914,
        'se' => -13910,
        'sen' => -13907,
        'seng' => -13906,
        'sha' => -13905,
        'shai' => -13896,
        'shan' => -13894,
        'shang' => -13878,
        'shao' => -13870,
        'she' => -13859,
        'shen' => -13847,
        'sheng' => -13831,
        'shi' => -13658,
        'shou' => -13611,
        'shu' => -13601,
        'shua' => -13406,
        'shuai' => -13404,
        'shuan' => -13400,
        'shuang' => -13398,
        'shui' => -13395,
        'shun' => -13391,
        'shuo' => -13387,
        'si' => -13383,
        'song' => -13367,
        'sou' => -13359,
        'su' => -13356,
        'suan' => -13343,
        'sui' => -13340,
        'sun' => -13329,
        'suo' => -13326,
        'ta' => -13318,
        'tai' => -13147,
        'tan' => -13138,
        'tang' => -13120,
        'tao' => -13107,
        'te' => -13096,
        'teng' => -13095,
        'ti' => -13091,
        'tian' => -13076,
        'tiao' => -13068,
        'tie' => -13063,
        'ting' => -13060,
        'tong' => -12888,
        'tou' => -12875,
        'tu' => -12871,
        'tuan' => -12860,
        'tui' => -12858,
        'tun' => -12852,
        'tuo' => -12849,
        'wa' => -12838,
        'wai' => -12831,
        'wan' => -12829,
        'wang' => -12812,
        'wei' => -12802,
        'wen' => -12607,
        'weng' => -12597,
        'wo' => -12594,
        'wu' => -12585,
        'xi' => -12556,
        'xia' => -12359,
        'xian' => -12346,
        'xiang' => -12320,
        'xiao' => -12300,
        'xie' => -12120,
        'xin' => -12099,
        'xing' => -12089,
        'xiong' => -12074,
        'xiu' => -12067,
        'xu' => -12058,
        'xuan' => -12039,
        'xue' => -11867,
        'xun' => -11861,
        'ya' => -11847,
        'yan' => -11831,
        'yang' => -11798,
        'yao' => -11781,
        'ye' => -11604,
        'yi' => -11589,
        'yin' => -11536,
        'ying' => -11358,
        'yo' => -11340,
        'yong' => -11339,
        'you' => -11324,
        'yu' => -11303,
        'yuan' => -11097,
        'yue' => -11077,
        'yun' => -11067,
        'za' => -11055,
        'zai' => -11052,
        'zan' => -11045,
        'zang' => -11041,
        'zao' => -11038,
        'ze' => -11024,
        'zei' => -11020,
        'zen' => -11019,
        'zeng' => -11018,
        'zha' => -11014,
        'zhai' => -10838,
        'zhan' => -10832,
        'zhang' => -10815,
        'zhao' => -10800,
        'zhe' => -10790,
        'zhen' => -10780,
        'zheng' => -10764,
        'zhi' => -10587,
        'zhong' => -10544,
        'zhou' => -10533,
        'zhu' => -10519,
        'zhua' => -10331,
        'zhuai' => -10329,
        'zhuan' => -10328,
        'zhuang' => -10322,
        'zhui' => -10315,
        'zhun' => -10309,
        'zhuo' => -10307,
        'zi' => -10296,
        'zong' => -10281,
        'zou' => -10274,
        'zu' => -10270,
        'zuan' => -10262,
        'zui' => -10260,
        'zun' => -10256,
        'zuo' => -10254
    );

    /**
     * 取汉字所有拼音
     * @param string $chinese 要转换的汉字
     * @param string $delimiter 分隔符
     * @param int $length 返回的长度
     * @return string
     */
    public function getFullSpell($chinese, $delimiter = ' ', $length = 0)
    {
        $chartype = $this->usr_charset($chinese);
        if ($chartype = 'UTF-8')
            $chinese = iconv('UTF-8', 'gb2312', $chinese);
        $spell = $this->getChineseSpells($chinese, $delimiter);
        if ($length) {
            $spell = substr($spell, 0, $length);
        }
        return $spell;
    }

    /**
     * 取汉字第一个拼音
     * @param string $chinese 要转换的汉字
     * @param int $length 返回的长度
     * @return string
     */
    public function getFirstSpell($chinese, $delimiter = ' ', $length = 0)
    {
        $chartype = $this->usr_charset($chinese);
        if ($chartype = 'UTF-8')
            $chinese = iconv('UTF-8', 'gb2312', $chinese);
        $spell = $this->getChineseSpells($chinese, $delimiter, 1);
        if ($length) {
            $spell = substr($spell, 0, $length);
        }
        return $spell;
    }
    /**
     * 取一个汉字码对应的拼音
     * @param int $num 汉字码
     * @param string $blank 空白字符
     * @return string
     */
    private function getChineseSpell($num, $blank = '')
    {
        if ($num > 0 && $num < 160) {
            return chr($num);
        } elseif ($num < -20319 || $num > -10247) {
            return $blank;
        } else {
            foreach ($this->chineseSpellList as $spell => $code) {
                if ($code > $num) break;
                $result = $spell;
            }
            return $result;
        }
    }
    /**
     * 取汉字拼音
     * @param string $chinese 要转换的汉字
     * @param string $delimiter 分隔符
     * @param int $first 是否只返回第一个
     * @return string
     */
    private function getChineseSpells($chinese, $delimiter = ' ', $first = 0)
    {
        $result = array();
        for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($chinese); $i++) {
            $p = ord(substr($chinese, $i, 1));
            if ($p > 160) {
                $q = ord(substr($chinese, ++$i, 1));
                $p = $p * 256 + $q - 65536;
            }
            $result[] = $this->getChineseSpell($p);
            if ($first) {
                return $result[0];
            }
        }
        return implode($delimiter, $result);
    }

  //判断是gbk还是utf-8
    public function usr_charset($str)
    {
        $s1 = iconv("UTF-8", "gb2312", $str);
        $s2 = iconv("gb2312", "UTF-8", $s1);
        if ($s2 == $str) {
            return 'UTF-8';
        } else
            return 'gbk';
    }

    public function getfirstchar($s) {
        $fchar = ord($s{0});
        if ($fchar >= ord("A") and $fchar <= ord("z"))
            return strtoupper($s{0});
        $asc = ord($s{0}) * 256 + ord($s{1}) - 65536;
        if ($asc >= -20319 and $asc <= -20284)
            return "A";
        if ($asc >= -20283 and $asc <= -19776)
            return "B";
        if ($asc >= -19775 and $asc <= -19219)
            return "C";
        if ($asc >= -19218 and $asc <= -18711)
            return "D";
        if ($asc >= -18710 and $asc <= -18527)
            return "E";
        if ($asc >= -18526 and $asc <= -18240)
            return "F";
        if ($asc >= -18239 and $asc <= -17923)
            return "G";
        if ($asc >= -17922 and $asc <= -17418)
            return "I";
        if ($asc >= -17417 and $asc <= -16475)
            return "J";
        if ($asc >= -16474 and $asc <= -16213)
            return "K";
        if ($asc >= -16212 and $asc <= -15641)
            return "L";
        if ($asc >= -15640 and $asc <= -15166)
            return "M";
        if ($asc >= -15165 and $asc <= -14923)
            return "N";
        if ($asc >= -14922 and $asc <= -14915)
            return "O";
        if ($asc >= -14914 and $asc <= -14631)
            return "P";
        if ($asc >= -14630 and $asc <= -14150)
            return "Q";
        if ($asc >= -14149 and $asc <= -14091)
            return "R";
        if ($asc >= -14090 and $asc <= -13319)
            return "S";
        if ($asc >= -13318 and $asc <= -12839)
            return "T";
        if ($asc >= -12838 and $asc <= -12557)
            return "W";
        if ($asc >= -12556 and $asc <= -11848)
            return "X";
        if ($asc >= -11847 and $asc <= -11056)
            return "Y";
        if ($asc >= -11055 and $asc <= -10247)
            return "Z";
        return null;
    }

    //返回每个拼音第一个字母
    public function getFirstAlphaSpell($zh,$delimiter = ' ') {
        $ret = array();
        $chartype = $this->usr_charset($zh);
        if ($chartype = 'UTF-8')
            $zh = iconv('UTF-8', 'gb2312', $zh);
        for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($zh); $i++) {
            $s1 = substr($zh, $i, 1);
            $p = ord($s1);
            if ($p > 160) {
                $s2 = substr($zh, $i++, 2);
                $ret[] = $this->getfirstchar($s2);
            } else {
                $ret[] = $s1;
            }
        }
        return implode($delimiter,$ret);
    }
}
?>

 

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